Primary Sources


Primary Sources
♦ Bruce, John, ed. Historie of the Arrivall of Edward IV in England and the Final Recouerye of His Kingdomes from Henry VI. In Three Chronicles of the Reign of Edward IV. Introduction by Keith Dockray. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1988, pp. 131–193.
♦ Carpenter, Christine, ed. Kingsford’s Stonor Letters and Papers, 1290-1483. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
♦ Commines, Philippe de. The Memoirs of Philippe de Commynes. Edited by Samuel Kinser. Translated by Isabelle Cazeaux. 2 vols. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1969–1973.
♦ Davis, Norman, ed. The Paston Letters: A Selection in Modern Spelling. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
♦ ——, ed. The Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971, 1976.
♦ Ellis, Henry, ed. The Chronicle of John Hardyng Together with the Continuation of Richard Grafton. London, 1812.
♦ ——,ed. Hall’s Chronicle. Reprint ed.New York:AMS Press, 1965.
♦ ——,ed. Three Books of Polydore Vergil’s English History, Comprising the Reigns of Henry VI, Edward IV, and Richard III. London: Camden Society, 1844.
♦ Fabyan, Robert. The Great Chronicle of London. Edited by A. H. Thomas and I. D. Thornley. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1983.
♦ ——.The New Chronicles of England and France. Edited by Henry Ellis. London: Printed for F. C. & J. Rivington, 1811.
♦ Fortescue, Sir John. De Laudibus Legum Anglie. Edited and translated by S. B. Chrimes. Holmes Beach, FL:William W. Gaunt & Sons, 1986.
♦ ——. Sir John Fortescue: On the Laws and Governance of England. Edited by Shelley Lockwood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
♦ Gairdner, James, ed. The Historical Collections of a Citizen of London in the Fifteenth Century [Gregory’s Chronicle]. New York: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1965.
♦ ——, ed. The Paston Letters, 1422-1509. 6 vols. London: Chatto & Windus, 1904; reprint, Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1984.
♦ Halliwell, James Orchard, ed. A Chronicle of the First Thirteen Years of the Reign of King Edward the Fourth, by John Warkworth. In Three Chronicles of the Reign of Edward IV. Introduction by Keith Dockray. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1988, pp. 1–102.
♦ Hanham, Alison, ed. The Cely Letters 1472-1488. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
♦ Hardyng, John. The Chronicle of John Hardyng. Reprint ed. New York: AMS Press, 1974.
♦ James, M. R., ed. Henry the Sixth: A Reprint of John Blacman’s Memoir. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1919.
♦ Kendall, Paul Murray, ed. Richard III: The Great Debate. New York:W.W. Norton, 1992.
♦ Kirby, Joan, ed. The Plumpton Letters and Papers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
♦ Littleton, Taylor, and Robert R. Rea, eds. To Prove a Villain: The Case of King Richard III. New York: Macmillan, 1964.
♦ Malory, Sir Thomas. Le Morte d’Arthur. Edited by Keith Baines. New York: Bramhall House, 1962.
♦ ——. Le Morte d’Arthur. Edited by R. M. Lumiansky. London: Collier Macmillan Publishers, 1982.
♦ Mancini, Dominic. The Usurpation of Richard III. Edited and translated by C. A. J. Armstrong. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1989.
♦ Matheson, Lister M., ed. Death and Dissent: Two FifteenthCentury Chronicles. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 1999.
♦ More, Sir Thomas. History of King Richard III. In Paul Murray Kendall, ed. Richard III: The Great Debate. New York:W.W. Norton, 1992, pp. 31–143.
♦ ——. The History of King Richard III and Selections from the English and Latin Poems. Edited by Richard S. Sylvester. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1976.
♦ Myers, A. R., ed. The Household of Edward IV. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1959.
♦ Nichols, John Gough, ed. Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincolnshire, 1470. In Three Chronicles of the Reign of Edward IV. Introduction by Keith Dockray. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1988, pp. 103–131.
♦ Pronay, Nicholas, and John Cox, eds. The Crowland Chronicle Continuations: 1459-1486. London: Richard III and Yorkist History Trust, 1986.
♦ Rous, John.“The History of the Kings of England,” in Alison Hanham, Richard III and His Early Historians, 1483-1535. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
♦ ——. The Rous Roll. Reprint ed. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1980.
♦ Stapleton, Thomas, ed. The Plumpton Correspondence. London: Camden Society, 1839; reprint ed., Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1990.
Three Chronicles of the Reign of Edward IV. Introduction by Keith Dockray. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1988.
♦ Vergil, Polydore. The Anglica Historia of Polydore Vergil. London: Royal Historical Society, 1950.
♦ Virgoe, Roger, ed. Private Life in the Fifteenth Century: Illustrated Letters of the Paston Family. New York: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989.
♦ Warrington, John, ed. The Paston Letters. 2 vols. Revised ed. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1956.
♦ Waurin, Jean. Recueil des Croniques et Anchiennes Istories de la Grant Bretaigne, a present nomme Engleterre. Edited and translated by Sir William Hardy. 5 vols. London: Longman, Green, and Roberts, 1864–1891.
♦ Ireland, Scotland, and Wales Brown, Jennifer M., ed. Scottish Society in the Fifteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1977.
♦ Cosgrove, Art. Late Medieval Ireland, 1370-1541. Dublin: Helicon, 1981.
♦ Davies, John. A History of Wales. London: The Penguin Group, 1993.
♦ Evans, H. T. Wales and the Wars of the Roses. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK:Alan Sutton Publishing, 1995.
♦ Lydon, James. Ireland in the Later Middle Ages. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1973.
♦ Mackie, J. D. A History of Scotland, 2d ed. New York: Dorset Press, 1985.
♦ Nicholson, Ranald. Scotland: The Later Middle Ages. Vol. 2 of The Edinburgh History of Scotland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1974.
♦ Otway-Ruthven, A. J. A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1980.
♦ Reeves, Albert C. The Marcher Lords. Llandybie, Dyfed, UK:C. Davies, 1983.
♦ Williams, Glanmor. Renewal and Reformation: Wales, c.1415-1642. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
♦ Wormald, Jenny. Court, Kirk, and Community: Scotland, 1470-1625. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.
♦ Brittany, Burgundy, France, and Europe Armstrong, C. A. J. England, France and Burgundy in the Fifteenth Century. London: Hambledon Press, 1983.
♦ Calmette, Joseph. The Golden Age of Burgundy: The Magnificent Dukes and Their Courts. Translated by Doreen Weightman. New York:W.W. Norton, 1963.
♦ Cope, Christopher. Phoenix Frustrated: The Lost Kingdom of Burgundy. London: Constable, 1986.
♦ Galliou, Patrick, and Michael Jones. The Bretons. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1991.
♦ Harvey, Margaret. England, Rome and the Papacy, 14171464. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993.
♦ Jones, Michael. The Creation of Brittany: A Late Medieval State. London: Hambledon, 1988.
♦ Lloyd, T. H., England and the German Hanse, 1157-1611. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
♦ Potter, David. A History of France, 1460-1560: The Emergence of a Nation State. London: Macmillan, 1995.
♦ Thompson, Guy Llewelyn. Paris and Its People under English Rule: The Anglo-Burgundian Regime, 1420-1436. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
♦ Vale,M. G. A. English Gascony, 1399-1453: A Study of War, Government and Politics during the Later Stages of the Hundred Years’War. London: Oxford University Press, 1970.
♦ Vaughan, Richard. Valois Burgundy. Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1975.
Political, Constitutional, and Legal History
♦ Baldwin, James F. The King’s Council in England during the Middle Ages. Gloucester, MA: P. Smith, 1965.
♦ Bean, J. M.W. From Lord to Patron: Lordship in Late Medieval England. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1989.
♦ Bellamy, J. G. Bastard Feudalism and the Law. Portland, OR:Areopagitica Press, 1989.
♦ ——. Crime and Public Order in England in the Later Middle Ages. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.
♦ ——. The Law of Treason in England in the Later Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
♦ Blatcher,M. The Court of King’s Bench, 1450-1550: A Study in Self-Help. London: Athlone Press, 1978.
♦ Butt, Ronald. A History of Parliament: The Middle Ages. London: Constable, 1989.
♦ Davies, R.G., and J. H. Denton, eds. The English Parliament in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.
♦ Ferguson, John. English Diplomacy, 1422-1461. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.
♦ Harding, Alan. The Law Courts of Medieval England. London: Allen & Unwin, 1973.
♦ Lander, J. R. Conflict and Stability in Fifteenth-Century England. 2d ed. London: Hutchinson University Library, 1974.
♦ ——. Crown and Nobility, 1450-1509. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1976.
♦ ——. English Justices of the Peace, 1461-1509. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1989.
♦ ——.Government and Community, England, 1450-1509. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980.
♦ ——. The Limitations of the English Monarchy in the Later Middle Ages. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1989.
♦ Loades, D. M. Politics and the Nation, 1450-1660: Obedience, Resistance and Public Order. London: Fontana Press, 1986.
♦ ——. The Tudor Court. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble Books, 1987.
♦ Reid, Rachel R. The King’s Council in the North. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1975.
♦ Starkey,David, et al. The English Court: From the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War. London: Longman, 1987.
Social, Economic, and Cultural History
♦ Acheson, Eric. A Gentry Community: Leicestershire in the Fifteenth Century, c.1422-c.1485. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
♦ Baker, Timothy. Medieval London. New York, Praeger, 1970.
♦ Bolton, J. L. The Medieval English Economy, 1150-1500. London: J. M. Dent and Sons, 1980.
♦ Carpenter, Christine. Locality and Polity: A Study of Warwickshire Landed Society, 1401-1499. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
♦ Coleman, D. C. The Economy of England, 1450-1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.
♦ Cross, Claire. Church and People, 1450-1660. Glasgow, UK: Fontana/Collins, 1976.
♦ Davies,C. S. L. Peace, Print and Protestantism, 1450-1558. London: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon, 1976.
♦ Du Boulay, F. R. H. An Age of Ambition: English Society in the Late Middle Ages. New York:Viking, 1970.
♦ Given-Wilson, Chris. The English Nobility in the Later Middle Ages. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1987.
♦ Gransden, Antonia. Historical Writing in England. Vol. 2: c.1307 to the Early Sixteenth Century. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982.
♦ Harrison, Frank L. Music in Medieval Britain. 4th ed. Buren, Netherlands: F. Knuf, 1980.
♦ Hatcher, John. Plague, Population and the English Economy, 1348-1530. London: Macmillan, 1994.
♦ Hicks, Michael. Bastard Feudalism. London: Longman, 1995.
♦ Hindley, Geoffrey. England in the Age of Caxton. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1979.
♦ Keen, Maurice. English Society in the Later Middle Ages, 1348-1500. London: Penguin Books, 1990.
♦ McFarlane, K. B. The Nobility of Later Medieval England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973.
♦ Mears,Kenneth J. The Tower of London: 900 Years of English History. Oxford: Phaidon, 1988.
♦ Mertes, Kate. The English Noble Household, 1250 to 1600: Good Governance and Politic Rule. Oxford: B. Blackwell, 1988.
♦ Munro, J. H.Wool, Cloth and Gold: The Struggle for Bullion in Anglo-Burgundian Trade, 1340-1478. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972.
♦ Norwich, John Julius. Shakespeare’s Kings. New York: Scribner, 1999.
♦ Pollard, A. J. North-Eastern England during the Wars of Roses: Lay Society,War, and Politics, 1450-1500. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.
♦ Porter,Roy. London: A Social History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.
♦ Postan, M. M. The Medieval Economy and Society: An Economic History of Britain, 1100-1500. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.
♦ Rowse, A. L. The Tower of London in the History of the Nation. London:Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972.
♦ Saccio, Peter. Shakespeare’s English Kings, 2d ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
♦ Sheppard, Francis. London: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
♦ Walker, S. The Lancastrian Affinity, 1361-1399. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
♦ Weiss, Roberto. Humanism in England during the Fifteenth Century. Oxford: Blackwell, 1967.
♦ Wilson, Derek A. The Tower of London: A Thousand Years. London: Allison & Busby, 1998.
♦ Winston, J. E. English Towns in the Wars of the Roses. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1921.
♦ Woolgar, C. M. The Great Household in Late Medieval England. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.
Military Issues,Wars, and Battle Accounts
♦ Allmand, Christopher. The Hundred Years War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
♦ Bennett, Michael. The Battle of Bosworth. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1985.
♦ ——.Lambert Simnel and the Battle of Stoke. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987.
♦ Boardman, Andrew W. The Battle of Towton. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1996.
♦ ——. The Medieval Soldier in the Wars of the Roses. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1998.
♦ Bradbury, Jim. The Medieval Archer. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell Press, 1985.
♦ Brooke, Richard. Visits to Fields of Battle in England of the Fifteenth Century. Dursley, UK: Alan Sutton, 1975.
♦ Burne, Alfred H. The Battlefields of England. London: Greenhill Books, 1996.
♦ Curry, Anne. The Hundred Years War. Hampshire: Macmillan, 1993.
♦ DeVries, Kelly. Medieval Military Technology. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 1992.
♦ Fairbairn, Neil. A Traveller’s Guide to the Battlefields of Britain. London: Evans Brothers, 1983.
♦ Foss, Peter J. The Field of Redemore: The Battle of Bosworth, 1485. 2d ed. Newtown Linford, UK: Kairos, 1998.
♦ ——. The Battle of Wakefield, 1460. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1996.
♦ Haigh, Philip A. The Military Campaigns of the Wars of the Roses. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1995.
♦ Hammond, P.W. The Battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1990.
♦ Hodges, Geoffrey. Ludford Bridge and Mortimer’s Cross. Herefordshire, UK: Long Aston Press, 1989.
♦ Keen, Maurice, ed. Medieval Warfare. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
♦ Kinross, John. The Battlefields of Britain. London: David and Charles, 1979.
♦ Norris, John. Artillery: An Illustrated History. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2000.
♦ Oman, C.W. C. The Art of War in the Middle Ages. Rev. ed. Ithaca,NY: Cornell University Press, 1953.
♦ Perroy, Edouard. The Hundred Years War. New York: Capricorn Books, 1965.
♦ Prestwich, Michael. Armies and Warfare in the Middle Ages: The English Experience. New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1996.
♦ Rodger,N.A.M. The Safeguard of the Sea: A Naval History of Britain. New York:W.W. Norton, 1998.
♦ Rogers, H. C. B. Artillery through the Ages. London: Seeley, 1971.
♦ Rowse,A. L. Bosworth Field: From Medieval to Tudor England. Garden City,NY: Doubleday, 1966.
♦ Seward, Desmond. The Hundred Years War. New York: Atheneum, 1978.
♦ Swynnerton, Brian, and William Swinnerton. The Battle of Blore Heath, 1459. Nuneaton, UK: Paddy Griffith Associates, 1995.
♦ Vale,M. G.A.War and Chivalry: Warfare and Aristocratic Culture in England, France, and Burgundy at the End of the Middle Ages. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1981.
♦ Williams, D. T. The Battle of Bosworth. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1973.
♦ Early Fifteenth Century, 1399–1437 Allmand, C. T. Lancastrian Normandy, 1415-1450: The History of a Medieval Occupation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983.
♦ Bennett, Michael. Richard II and the Revolution of 1399. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999.
♦ Harriss,G. L., ed. Henry V: The Practice of Kingship. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.
♦ McFarlane, K. B. Lancastrian Kings and Lollard Knights. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.
♦ McNiven, Peter. Heresy and Politics in the Reign of Henry IV: The Burning of John Badby. Wolfeboro, NH: Boydell Press, 1987.
♦ Strohm, Paul. England’s Empty Throne: Usurpation and the Language of Legitimation, 1399-1422. New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1998.
♦ Reigns of Henry VI and Edward IV, 1437–1483 Dockray, Keith. Edward IV: A Source Book. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999.
♦ ——. Henry VI, Margaret of Anjou and the Wars of the Roses: A Source Book. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2000.
♦ Griffiths, Ralph A. The Reign of King Henry VI: The Exercise of Royal Authority, 1422-61. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.
♦ Gross, Anthony. The Dissolution of the Lancastrian Kingship: Sir John Fortescue and the Crisis of Monarchy in Fifteenth-Century England. Stamford, UK: Paul Watkins, 1996.
♦ Harvey, I. M.W. Jack Cade’s Rebellion of 1450. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
♦ Kendall, Paul Murray. The Yorkist Age: Daily Life during the Wars of the Roses. New York: W. W. Norton, 1962.
♦ Storey, R. L. The End of the House of Lancaster. 2d ed. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999.
♦ Watts, John. Henry VI and the Politics of Kingship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
♦ Wolffe, B. P. The Crown Lands, 1461-1536: An Aspect of Yorkist and Early Tudor Government. London: Allen & Unwin, 1970.
Reign of Richard III, 1483–1485
♦ Buck, Sir George. The History of King Richard III. Edited by A. N. Kincaid. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1982.
♦ Dockray, Keith. Richard III: A Source Book. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1997.
♦ Gairdner, James. History of the Life and Reign of Richard the Third, 2d ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1898.
♦ Gill, Louise. Richard III and Buckingham’s Rebellion. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999.
♦ Halsted, Caroline A. Richard III as Duke of Gloucester and King of England, 2 vols. London, 1844; reprint ed., Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1977.
♦ Hanham, Alison. Richard III and His Early Historians, 1483-1535. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
♦ Hicks, Michael. Richard III and His Rivals: Magnates and Their Motives in the Wars of the Roses. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ Lamb,V. B. The Betrayal of Richard III: An Introduction to the Controversy. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1996.
♦ Markham, Sir Clements R. Richard III: His Life and Character, Reviewed in the Light of Recent Research. New York:Russell & Russell, 1968.
♦ St.Aubyn, Giles. The Year of the Three Kings, 1483. New York: Atheneum, 1983.
♦ Tey, Josephine. The Daughter of Time. New York: Berkeley Medallion Books, 1975.
♦ Walpole, Horace. Historic Doubts on the Life and Reign of Richard III. Edited by P.W. Hammond. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1987.
♦ ——. Historic Doubts on the Life and Reign of King Richard III. In Paul Murray Kendall, ed. Richard III: The Great Debate. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992.
♦ Wood, Charles T. Joan of Arc and Richard III: Sex, Saints and Government in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Princes in the Tower
♦ Fields, Bertram. Royal Blood: Richard III and the Mystery of the Princes. New York: Regan Books, 1998.
♦ Jenkins, Elizabeth. The Princes in the Tower. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1978.
♦ Pollard, A. J. Richard III and the Princes in the Tower.New York: St Martin’s Press, 1991.
♦ Weir, Alison. The Princes in the Tower. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.
♦ Williamson, Audrey. The Mystery of the Princes: An Investigation into a Supposed Murder. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers, 1986.
Reign of Henry VII, 1485–1509
♦ Arthurson, Ian. The Perkin Warbeck Conspiracy, 1491-1499. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1997.
♦ Elton, G. R. England under the Tudors. 3d ed. London: Routledge, 1991.
♦ Griffiths, Ralph A., and Roger S. Thomas. The Making of the Tudor Dynasty. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1985.
♦ Gunn, S. Early Tudor Government, 1485-1558. London, 1995.
♦ Levine, Mortimer. Tudor Dynastic Problems, 14601571. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1973.
♦ Mackie, J. D. The Earlier Tudors, 1485-1558. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
♦ Pugh, T. B. Henry VII: The Importance of His Reign in English History. London, 1985.
♦ Storey, R. L. The Reign of Henry VII. New York: Walker and Company, 1968.
Biography—Individuals
♦ Allmand, Christopher. Henry V. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
♦ Bacon, Francis. The History of the Reign of King Henry Seventh. Edited by F. J. Levy. Indianapolis: BobbsMerrill, 1972.
♦ Bagley, John J. Margaret of Anjou. London: Batsford, 1948.
♦ Blake,N. F. Caxton: England’s First Publisher. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1976.
♦ ——. William Caxton and English Literary Culture. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ Bryan, Donough. Gerald Fitzgerald, the Great Earl of Kildare, 1456-1513. Dublin:Talbot Press, 1933.
♦ Chrimes, S. B. Henry VII. New Haven, CT;Yale University Press, 1999.
♦ Cleugh, James. Chant Royal: The Life of King Louis XI of France (1423-1483). Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1970.
♦ Clive, Mary. This Sun of York: A Biography of Edward IV. New York: Macmillan, 1973.
♦ Deacon, Richard. A Biography of William Caxton: The First English Editor, Printer, Merchant, and Translator. London: Muller, 1976.
♦ Dunlop, Annie. The Life and Times of James Kennedy, Bishop of St.Andrews. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1950.
♦ Erlanger, Philippe. Margaret of Anjou: Queen of England. London: Elek Books, 1970.
♦ Falkus, Gila. The Life and Times of Edward IV. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1981.
♦ Field, P. J. C. The Life and Times of Sir Thomas Malory. Cambridge:D. S. Brewer, 1993.
♦ Griffiths, Ralph A. Sir Rhys ap Thomas and His Family: A Study in the Wars of the Roses and Early Tudor Politics. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales Press, 1993.
♦ Hammond, P.W., and Anne F. Sutton. Richard III: The Road to Bosworth Field. London: Constable, 1985.
♦ Harriss, G. L. Cardinal Beaufort: A Study of the Lancastrian Ascendancy and Decline. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.
♦ Harvey, Nancy Lenz. Elizabeth of York: Tudor Queen. New York: Macmillan, 1973.
♦ Hay, Denys. Polydore Vergil: Renaissance Historian and Man of Letters. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952.
♦ Head, David. The Ebbs and Flows of Fortune: The Life of Thomas Howard, Third Duke of Norfolk. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.
♦ Hicks, Michael. False, Fleeting, Perjur’d Clarence: George, Duke of Clarence, 1449-78. Rev. ed. Bangor, UK: Headstart History, 1992.
♦ ——. Richard III: The Man Behind the Myth. London: Collins & Brown, 1991.
♦ ——.Warwick the Kingmaker. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998.
♦ Horrox, Rosemary. Richard III: A Study in Service. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
♦ Hutchison, Harold F. The Hollow Crown: The Life of Richard II. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1961.
♦ ——. King Henry V: A Biography. New York: Dorset Press, 1967.
♦ Johnson, P. A. Duke Richard of York, 1411-1460. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.
♦ Jones, Michael K., and Malcolm G. Underwood. The King’s Mother: Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
♦ Kendall, Paul Murray. Louis XI: The Universal Spider. New York:W.W. Norton, 1971.
♦ ——.Richard the Third. New York:W.W. Norton, 1956.
♦ ——. Warwick the Kingmaker. New York:W.W. Norton, 1987.
♦ Kirby, John Lavan. Henry IV of England. London: Constable, 1970.
♦ Labarge, Margaret Wade. Henry V: The Cautious Conqueror. New York: Stein and Day, 1976.
♦ Macdougall, Norman. James III: A Political Study. Edinburgh: J. Donald, 1982.
♦ ——. James IV. East Lothian, UK: Tuckwell Press, 1997.
♦ MacGibbon, David. Elizabeth Woodville: Her Life and Times. London: A. Barker, 1938.
♦ McGladdery, Christine. James II. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers, 1990.
♦ Mitchell, R. J. John Tiptoft: An Italianate Englishman, 1427-1470. London: Longmans, Green, 1938.
♦ Painter, George D. William Caxton: A Biography. New York: Putnam, 1977.
♦ Pollard, A. J. John Talbot and the War in France, 1427-1453. London: Royal Historical Society, 1983.
♦ Potter, Jeremy. Good King Richard? An Account of Richard III and His Reputation. London: Constable, 1994.
♦ Rees, David. The Son of Prophecy: Henry Tudor’s Road to Bosworth. 2d ed. Ruthin, UK: John Jones, 1997.
♦ Roskell, John S. William Catesby, Counselor to Richard III. Manchester: John Rylands Library, 1959
♦ [reprinted from the Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, vol. 42, no. 1, September, 1959].
♦ Ross, Charles. Edward IV. New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1998.
♦ ——. Richard III. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.
♦ Saul, Nigel. Richard II. New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1997.
♦ Seward, Desmond. Henry V: The Scourge of God. New York:Viking, 1988.
♦ ——. Richard III: England’s Black Legend. New York: Franklin Watts, 1984.
♦ Simon, Linda. Of Virtue Rare: Margaret Beaufort, Matriarch of the House of Tudor. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1982.
♦ Tucker, Melvin J. The Life of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey and Second Duke of Norfolk, 1443-1524. The Hague, Netherlands: Mouton, 1964.
♦ Tyrrell, Joseph M. Louis XI. Boston:Twayne, 1980.
♦ Vale, M.G.A. Charles VII. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.
♦ Vaughan, Richard. Charles the Bold: The Last Valois Duke of Burgundy. London: Longman, 1973.
♦ ——.John the Fearless: The Growth of Burgundian Power. London: Longman, 1979.
♦ ——. Philip the Bold: The Formation of the Burgundian State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1962.
♦ ——. Philip the Good: The Apogee of Burgundy. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1970.
♦ Weightman, Christine. Margaret of York: Duchess of Burgundy, 1446-1503. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1993.
♦ Williams, E. C. My Lord of Bedford, 1389-1435. London: Longmans, 1963.
♦ Wolffe, Bertram. Henry VI. London: Eyre Methuen, 1981.
Biographies—Families
♦ Bagley, John J. The Earls of Derby, 1485-1985. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985.
♦ Bennett, H. S. The Pastons and Their England: Studies in an Age of Transition. 2d ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
♦ Clifford, Hugh. The House of Clifford. London: Phillimore, 1987.
♦ Coward, Barry. The Stanleys, Lords Stanley, and Earls of Derby, 1385-1672: The Origins,Wealth, and Power of a Landowning Family. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1983.
♦ Gies, Frances, and Joseph Gies. A Medieval Family: The Pastons of Fifteenth-Century England. New York: HarperCollins, 1998.
♦ Hanham, Alison. The Celys and Their World: An English Merchant Family of the Fifteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
♦ Harvey, John. The Plantagenets. 3d ed. London: Severn House, 1976.
♦ Harwood,William R. “The Courtenay Family in the Politics of Region and Nation in the Later Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries.” Ph.D. dissertation, Cambridge University, 1978.
♦ Rawcliffe, Carole. The Staffords, Earls of Stafford and Dukes of Buckingham, 1394-1521. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.
♦ Richmond, Colin. The Paston Family in the Fifteenth Century: The First Phase. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 1990.
♦ ——. The Paston Family in the Fifteenth Century: Fastolf’s Will. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
♦ Young, Charles R. The Making of the Neville Family in England, 1166-1400. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell & Brewer, 1997.
Articles and Essays
♦ Allan, Alison.“Yorkist Propaganda: Pedigree, Prophecy and the ‘British History’ in the Reign of Edward IV.” In Charles Ross, ed., Patronage, Pedigree and Power in Later Medieval England. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1979.
♦ Antonovics, A.V.“Henry VII, King of England, by the Grace of Charles VIII of France.” In Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.
♦ Ayton, Andrew.“Arms, Armour, and Horses.” In Maurice Keen, ed., Medieval Warfare. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
♦ Britnell, R. H.“The Economic Context.” In A. J. Pollard, ed.. The Wars of the Roses. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
♦ Cherry, Martin. “The Struggle for Power in Mid-FifteenthCentury Devonshire.” In Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., Patronage, the Crown and the Provinces in Later Medieval England. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1981.
♦ Crawford, Anne.“The Private Life of John Howard:A Study of a Yorkist Lord, His Family and Household.” In P.W. Hammond, ed., Richard III: Loyalty, Lordship and Law. London: Richard III and Yorkist History Trust, 1986.
♦ Davies, C. S. L. “The Wars of the Roses in European Context.” In A. J. Pollard, ed., The Wars of the Roses. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
♦ Davies, Richard G.“The Church and the Wars of the Roses.” In A. J. Pollard, ed., The Wars of the Roses. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
♦ Davis, V. “William Waynflete and the Educational Revolution of the Fifteenth Century.” In J. T. Rosenthal and C. F. Richmond, eds., People, Politics and Community in the Later Middle Ages. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1987.
♦ Dockray, Keith. “The Origins of the Wars of the Roses.” In A. J. Pollard, ed., The Wars of the Roses. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
♦ ——. “The Political Legacy of Richard III in Northern England.” In Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.
♦ Dunn, Diana. “Margaret of Anjou, Queen Consort of Henry VI: A Reassessment of Her Role, 1445–53.” In Rowena E. Archer, ed., Crown, Government and People in the Fifteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.
♦ Dunning, Robert W. “Patronage and Promotion in the Late-Medieval Church.” In Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., Patronage, the Crown and the Provinces in Later Medieval England. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1981.
♦ Griffiths, Ralph A.“The Crown and the Royal Family in Later Medieval England.” In Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.
♦ ——. “The King’s Court during the Wars of the Roses.” In Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., King and Country: England and Wales in the Fifteenth Century. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ ——.“Local Rivalries and National Politics: The Percies, the Nevilles and the Duke of Exeter, 1452–1455.” In Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., King and Country: England and Wales in the Fifteenth Century. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ ——.“The Sense of Dynasty in the Reign of Henry VI.” In Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., King and Country: England and Wales in the Fifteenth Century. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ ——. “Wales and the Marches.” In S. B., Chrimes, C. D. Ross, and R. A. Griffiths, eds., Fifteenth-Century England, 1399-1509. 2d ed. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1995.
♦ Guth, DeLloyd J. “Climbing the Civil-Service Pole during the Civil War: Sir Reynald Bray.” In Sharon D. Michalove and A. Compton Reeves, eds., Estrangement, Enterprise and Education in Fifteenth-Century England. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1998.
♦ Guy, John A.“The King’s Council and Political Participation.” In J. A. Guy and A. Fox, eds., Reassessing the Henrician Age. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986.
♦ Harvey, I. M. W. “Was There Popular Politics in FifteenthCentury England?” In R. H. Britnell and A. J. Pollard, eds., The McFarlane Legacy: Studies in Late Medieval Politics and Society. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1995.
♦ Hicks, Michael. “The Case of Sir Thomas Cook, 1468.” In Michael Hicks, Richard III and His Rivals: Magnates and Their Motives in the Wars of the Roses. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ ——. “The Changing Role of the Wydevilles in Yorkist Politics to 1483.” In Charles Ross, ed., Patronage, Pedigree and Power in Later Medieval England. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1979.
♦ ——. “Dynastic Change and Northern Society: The Career of the Fourth Earl of Northumberland, 1470–89.” In Michael Hicks, Richard III and His Rivals: Magnates and Their Motives in the Wars of the Roses. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ ——. “Lord Hastings’ Indentured Retainers?” In Michael Hicks, Richard III and His Rivals: Magnates and Their Motives in the Wars of the Roses. London: Hambledon Press, 1991.
♦ ——.“Piety and Lineage in the Wars of the Roses:The Hungerford Experience.” In Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.
♦ Lander, J. R. “The Treason and Death of the Duke of Clarence.” In J. R. Lander, Crown and Nobility, 1450-1509. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1976.
♦ ——. “A Collector of Apocryphal Anecdotes: John Blacman Revisited.” In A. J. Pollard, ed., Property and Politics: Essays in Later Medieval English History. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1984.
♦ Lovatt, R. “John Blacman: Biographer of Henry VI.” In R. H. C. Davis and J. M.Wallace-Hadrill, eds., The Writing of History in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981.
♦ McFarlane, K. B.“Bastard Feudalism.” In K. B. McFarlane, England in the Fifteenth Century: Collected Essays. London: Hambledon Press, 1981.
♦ ——.“The Wars of the Roses.” In K. B. McFarlane, England in the Fifteenth Century: Collected Essays. London: Hambledon Press, 1981.
♦ Pollard, A. J. “The Richmondshire Community of Gentry during the Wars of the Roses.” In Charles Ross, ed., Patronage, Pedigree and Power in Later Medieval England. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1979.
♦ Postan, M. M. “The Fifteenth Century.” In M. M. Postan, Essays in Medieval Agriculture and Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
♦ Pugh, T. B. “The Magnates, Knights and Gentry.” In S. B. Chrimes, C. D. Ross, and R. A. Griffiths, eds., Fifteenth-Century England, 1399-1509. 2d ed. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1995.
♦ ——.“Richard Plantagenet (1411–60), Duke of York, as the King’s Lieutenant in France and Ireland.” In J. G. Rowe, ed., Aspects of Late Medieval Government and Society. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1986.
♦ Reeves, A. Compton. “Lawrence Booth: Bishop of Durham (1457–76), Archbishop of York (1476–80).” In Sharon D. Michalove and A. Compton Reeves, eds., Estrangement, Enterprise and Education in Fifteenth-Century England. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1998.
♦ Richmond, Colin. “Bosworth Field and All That.” In P. W. Hammond, ed., Richard III: Loyalty, Lordship and Law. London: Richard III and Yorkist History Trust, 1986.
♦ Ross, Charles. “Rumour, Propaganda and Popular Opinion during the Wars of the Roses.” In Ralph A. Griffiths, ed., Patronage, the Crown and the Provinces in Later Medieval England. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1981.
♦ Rowney, I. “Resources and Retaining in Yorkist England: William, Lord Hastings and the Honour of Tutbury.” In A. J. Pollard, ed., Property and Politics: Essays in Later Medieval English History. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1984.
♦ Storey, R. L. “The North of England.” In S. B. Chrimes, C. D. Ross, and R. A. Griffiths, eds., FifteenthCentury England, 1399-1509. 2d ed. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1995.
♦ Wood, Charles T. “Richard III, William, Lord Hastings, and Friday the Thirteenth.” In Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

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